King Mel-chi-zedek the Jebusite is one of the most mysterious characters in all biblical myths. The Book of Genesis identifies him as a sacred Priest-King of Salem at the time it was in Hurrian or Amorite hands The Hindu’s know him as Melik-Sadaksina, the great son of a Kassite king and magical priest of Brahm, who was Abraham s teacher. Another of Melchizedek’s names is Adoni-Zedek after the city god of Salem and King of Righteousness. The Ammonites called him Zaduk He welcomed Abraham to Canaan after Abraham had returned from defeating Kedorla'omer: And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine and he was the priest of the most high God. He is a famous immortal Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life. Priests after the Order of Melchizedek are prominent over the millennia. One of the last Biblical references is when King David appoints Zadok as a joint high priest with the Levites The final identification with Melchizedek occurs with Jesus. Among the many messianic aspirants of the time, Jesus was a particularly special messiah because he was a priest of Melchizedek. The precise geographical location of Melchizedek's Salem is unknown We can assume that Salem is the current Jerusalem because the forthright deconstruction of Jerusalem into Jeru and Salem. Josephus records that Salem became Jerusalem after the time of Abraham. Jerusalem was the city of Salma the Son of Light. Seems Salem would have been a sanctuary town similar to Harran in the North and perhaps Ma'rib in the South. Certainly, Abraham had a compellingly similar relationship of familiarity, sanctuary and t ribute to both Harran and Salem. The Teacher of Righteousness or Moreh-zedek of the Dead Sea Scrolls seems to be very much like Mel-chi-zedek. Moreh and Moriah are the places of Yahweh's Covenant with Abraham. The Hebrew word Marah means salt sea Therefore, Mor-Iah and Mor-Jah translate to God of the Sea or God of the Salt Water. From this same r oot, Moreh-zedek translates as the Water of Righteousness or Dew of Righteousness Allegro related the names Jesus and Joshua to dew and the semen that heals and saves. Swallowing is important in the Habakkuk Pesher. The Wicked Priest pursues the Righteous Teacher to swallow him. Swallowing is again mentioned in connection with Wisdom in Aaron (2.8): A wise man will understand that I am seeing and comprehending deep Mysteries, thus I am speaking ... parables. The Greek will not understand But the knowledge of Wisdom will come to you, for you have received ... you will acquire. Pursue her (Wisdom) and seek her and gain possession of her to swallow (her) down. Important function of the Melchizedek priests at the time of the Exodus was to set out the Bread of the Presence of God on a golden table in front the Ark of the Covenant, also called the Ark of Alliance Moses decreed that the Ark should contain a quantity of the Bread of Heaven or manna found by the Israelites in the wilderness so future generations would see what it was like. Bezaleel and Hiram Abiff are also important archetypes in special ways. Bezaleel’s father is Uri, which means Light. This makes Bezaleel a Son of Light. Hiram’s mother was a Naphtali woman from Dan. This probably identifies her as an Oracle or Priestess of the Benjamites. The Bible is more evasive with Hiram’s father, only commenting that he was also a master artisan. Josephus gives us the information we expect, that Hiram’s father came from Ur of the Israelites. This fact confirms that Bezaleel and Hiram Abiff are precisely the same archetype, embodying an important story. In fact, Jesus’ father Joseph is the same archetype He is not simply a carpenter but an artisan in the archetypal sense Bezaleel also bears a remarkable similarity to Azazel (‘Azâzil in Arabic) or Shemyaza, the leader of the fallen Watchers in the Judaic- Christian apocryphal Book of Enoch. Just as Prometheus presented man with fire, Azazel released to humankind the secrets of metallurgy the manufacture of weapons, jewellery, and the use of antimony in art and medicine. He also taught women the art of cosmetics, to be promiscuous and to enjoy sex. For these transgressions, God condemned Azazel to remain forever bound in the desert of Dûdâêl. As Shemyaza, he hangs upside down between heaven and earth in the constellation of Orion. The only known statute of this leader of the Watchers is in the choir of Rosslyn Chapel, in Scotland. There is distinctly alchemical key in the Qumran and known Biblical documents. For example, the duality of the mysterious Sceptre and the Star is analogous to the red man of gold and his wife, the star of antimony. They correspond to the coronation’s Scepter of gold and Orb of antimony. Furthermore, they are comparable to the Messiah of Aaron and Israel. It is not surprising that the Covenanters had a metallurgical foundry with twenty-six tons of gold and forty-eight tons of silver at Qumran. Using the philosophical circular-saw of Occam's Razor to limit the entities, the Moreh-zedek or the Teacher of Righteousness can be seen as a common alchemical archetype with the dew or Bread of Life. In the same way Melchizedek, the King of Righteousness, is an archetype for the priest that manufactures the sacred bread. He provides this sacred bread to Abraham in a rite of kingship. A statue in the Porch of Chartres Cathedral shows Melchizedek holding a long-stemmed chalice or cup in his left hand. It contains a solid cylindrical object that is the Moreh-zedek. Many think it really is the Holy Grail or Philosophers' Stone. The stained glass window on the North Façade shows Melchizedek again. An inside window of Paris’ Notre Dame Cathedral also shows alchemy in action. The blessing of Abraham with holy bread and wine at Salem suggests Salem was a special alchemical or metallurgy site from early times. The Palestine campaign of Thutmose III indeed confirmed this in 1480BCE. Jerusalem, or Salem, was Kadesh or the Holy City and seen as the most important city in Palestine long before King David made Jerusalem his capital. The Melchizedek traditions along with those of the Calebite Dog Men were some of the very few to remain fresh with the remnant that evaded the Exile in Babylon. In about 750BCE Amos prophesized the return from Exile with the Lord’s words: "In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins and I will build it as in the days of old: That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and of all the heathen, which are called by my name, saith the Lord that doeth this." After 200BCE, the Jewish Diaspora accelerated with the decline of Hellenistic Egypt and Syria. Jews migrated to Italy and to Spain via North Africa. One of the far-flung lands of the dispersion was Gaul The Zaddoki-Melchizedek line enjoyed great prominence in the Diaspora of Gaul, especially with the Merovingian Frank Kings who defeated the Visigoths at Vouillé, near Aquitaine, in 510CE. The Visigoth territories in Gascony, Languedoc and Provence and in Northern Spain provided fertile ground for both Zadok-Melchizedek and Rabbinical-Cabbalistic streams of Judaism. The French Merovingian Royalty maintained that it was of a royal Trojan lineage that antedated the Roman Catholic Church. They rejected Church sponsored coronation. They also claimed to derive from the tribe of Judah through Jesus Christ and Mary Magdalene. The Merovingian kings placed great value on their long hair and believed that it gave them strength. Samson’s name was common in the Royal Merovingian Household. The longhaired Monarchs identified with him as the hero Judge of the Tribe of Dan. The Merovingians buried their last ruler, Dagobert II, in a cape studded with golden honey bees. Napoleon removed the honeybees from Dagobert's tomb and placed them on his own coronation cape Displaying the same independence from Papal authority that characterized the Merovingians, Napoleon lifted the crown from the Bishop's hands and placed it upon his own head. Merovingian claims of Davidic succession were an anathema to the Church. In 751CE, Pepin III the Short deposed the Merovingian King Childeric III with Papal support. He thereby established the Carolingian dynasty. Eight years later Pepin III himself faced military defeat at the hands of the Islamic Saracens at Narbonne. The Jewish population came to his aid and opened the gates of Narbonne at his protection in return for Pepin III undertaking to elevate their principate city-state of Septimania to the status of an independent Davidic Princedom. Pepin III complied for reasons that seem to include the creation of a buffer state to keep the Umayyad Saracens at bay The granting of ancient privileges, high office, freehold land, the Jews own system of law and royal protection to the Jews of Southern France invoked a bitter rebuke from Pope Stephen III in 768CE. The Septimanian Jews established Davidic succession in their Princedom. The Nasi, or Jewish Prince in perpetuity, was to be descended from the line of David. The first Nasi was Rabbi Natronai- Makhir. He was formerly the Exilarch of the Jews in Baghdad and a scholar-prince of the House of David, who the Caliph of Baghdad sent to Septimania. Natronai-Makhir accepted the name Theodoric and took Pepin III’s sister, Alda, for a wife. In return for the elevation of Septimania to a Princedom, the Rabbis endorsed Pepin III's own claim to Davidic Succession of the Holy Roman Empire for his son Charlemagne. Charlemagne later confirmed the status of Septimania in 791CE by establishing it as a permanent State. The Princedom had grown in power and influence with the campaigns of Natronai-Makhir’s son, the great Guilhelm de Toulouse de Gellone, or William of Toulouse, into Spain. At this time, the Princedom encompassed a vast area from the Rhone to the Albères of the Pyrenees including Nimes and Roussillon, and the Catalan counties in the March of Spain. These Catalan counties were Gerona, Vich (Ausona), Urgel, Pallars Ribagorza and Barcelona. Natronai-Makhir died in 793CE. His son Guilhelm de Toulouse succeeded him. In turn, Guilhelm’s son Bernard of Septimania became Prince. Septimania then became a Jewish Kingdom, rather than the Princedom, which thrived until the end of Carolingian rule. The seed of David was to multiply in Southern France and produce one of its most famous sons, Godefroi de Bouillon. Godefroi’s admirers elevated him to a hall of fame called the nine nobles. The other great warrior-kings in the hall of fame were Hector of Troy, Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Joshua, Judas Maccabeus, David, King Arthur and Charlemagne. In Crathes Castle, between Balmoral and Aberdeen in Scotland, the owner asks: "Gude reder tell me or thou pass Whilk of thir nyn maist Valliant was?" The nine nobles theme was popular amongst surviving Knights Templar groups in Scotland. A number of castles depict the same theme in their ceilings, including at Glamis in the Vale of Strathmore. The theme derives from the beliefs of the Ishmaelite Assassins and the Druses the old followers of Tammuz. The Druses are not orthodox Mohammedans Their heretical belief is that God constantly reincarnated in a series of of semi-divine prophets and warrior-kings, called Imam, and of whom Christ was one but Mahomed was not. Only seventy reincarnations existd. The Druses believe that final reincarnation was Hakim, the sixth Fatimate Caliph, after whom there can be no others. In his second coming, Hakim, the Druze Messiah, will conquer the world. The Assassins’ beliefs were similar except that they considered their founder, Hassan, the Shiek-al-Jabul or Old Man of the Mountain in Lebanon, to be one of the reincarnations. On his father's side, Godefroi descended from the Merovingians and on that of his mother and grandmother, the Carolingian. His Carolingian grandparents bequeathed Godefroi the title of Duke of Lower Lorraine. Storming the wall of Jerusalem on 15 July 1099, Godefroi de Bouillon was to shout the famous phrase expressing the Zaddoki belief that they were the only legitimate High Priests of Jerusalem Deus Meumque Jus, meaning God and my Right. The thirty-third degree of the Scottish Rite adopted Godefroi’s motto. A gold ring worn by each member of the degree has the motto engraved within it. It is also the Latin version of the motto of the royal arms of England Dieu et mon droit, adopted by Richard I the Lionheart at the siege of Gisors in 1198. Following Godefroi de Bouillon’s successful assault on the walls of Jerusalem, he assumed the title of Guardian of the Holy Sepulcher This title was Godefroi's preference over King, an uncharacteristically modest choice, continuing the tradition that there should be no king of Israel until the second coming of the Messiah. His brother Baldwin of Lorraine had no such inhibition. One year later, he became King Baldwin I of Jerusalem. Oddly, the circumstances surrounding the death of the glorious Godefroi de Bouillon remain a mystery to this day.